University of Bergen
Department of Philosophy
Postboks 7805
5020 Bergen

Tel: +47 55 588 960
Fax: +47 55 589 651


I am a full professor at the Department of Philosophy of the University of Bergen and part of the Toppforsk-programme. My PhD is from the University of Bern (2005). I work on questions in the philosophy of science and the philosophy of logic, in particular, on causation, mechanistic constitution, and logical formalization. My publications include an introduction to the philosophy of causation entitled “Kausalitaet und kausales Schliessen” (2004) and numerous papers on causation, causal reasoning, regularity theories, Coincidence Analysis (CNA), interventionism, mechanistic constitution, non-reductive physicalism, epiphenomenalism, determinism, logical formalization, argument reconstruction/evaluation, modeling in the social sciences, QCA, and the slingshot argument.


  1. New paper: L. Casini and M. Baumgartner (forthcoming), The PC Algorithm and the Inference to Constitution, The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science. [penultimate draft]

  2. New CNA application: S. E. Hickman, E. Miech et al. (2020), Identifying the Implementation Conditions Associated With Positive Outcomes in a Successful Nursing Facility Demonstration Project , The Gerontologist, doi: 10.1093/geront/gnaa041

  3. New CNA application: V. Yakovchenko, E. Miech et al. (2020), Strategy Configurations Directly Linked to Higher Hepatitis C Virus Treatment Starts. An Applied Use of Configurational Comparative Methods, Medical Care 58(5), p. e31-e38, doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001319

  4. New paper: M. Baumgartner (2020), Causation, in: The SAGE Handbook of Political Science, ed. by D. Berg-Schlosser, B. Badie, and L. Morlino, London: SAGE, pp. 305–321.

  5. cnaOpt, a new add-on package to the cna R package, has been released on CRAN. cnaOpt provides various new functions for optimizing consistency and coverage scores of models of configurational comparative methods as Coincidence Analysis (CNA) and Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA). This draft introduces these functions.