Chayantaka speak two indigenous Andean languages, Quechua and Aymara. An increasing number of people also know Spanish. Many Chayantaka see the indigenous languages as playing an important role in their self-determination as a people, and are active in projects to promote their continued use.

Indigenist NGOs have also recently begun to promote use of indigenous languages, especially Quechua. In the photo below, participants in an adult Quechua literacy project display materials they use in classes sponsored in part by UNICEF.

Another resource for promoting the use of indigenous languages is Radio Mallku Kiririya, the only radio station fully operated by indigenous people in Bolivia in 1993. The radio (operated with a gas-powered generator) broadcast in both Quechua and Aymara 12 hours each week.

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